The story of modern-day North America begins with the systematic genocide and displacement of indigenous peoples. The social and ecological consequences of this founding trauma have become clearer over time, but so far relatively little has been done to address this at the federal, state, and provincial levels. In this episode, we zero in on two violently displaced tribes in California - the Wiyot and the Amah Mutsun - and tell the stories of their respective journeys to return to the spiritual centers of their worlds. Along the way, we ask a simple question: can the wrongs of the past be addressed, at least in part, by the return of stolen lands?
This episode features, in order of appearance: Ted Hernandez, Tribal Chair of the Wiyot Tribe; Michelle Vassel, Tribal Administrator for the Wiyot Tribe; Valentin Lopez, Tribal Chair of the Amah Mutsun Tribal Band; Tim Nelson, Natural Resources Director for the Wiyot Tribe; Eddie Koch, Natural Resources Specialist for the Wiyot Tribe; and Ana María Ruiz, General Manager for the Midpeninsula Regional Open Spaces District.
Special thanks to Nicole Jahraus for her wheels. Thanks also to Sarah Sax and Ilana Fonariov for their ears. Thanks to Kirsty Johnstone Munro Cameron for her voice.
This season of Future Ecologies is supported in part by the Vancouver Foundation. Learn more at https://vancouverfoundationsmallarts.ca/.
A lot of research goes into each episode of Future Ecologies, including great journalism from a variety of media outlets, and we like to cite our sources:
Cresswell, H. (2017, July 19). Eureka City Council approves agreement with Wiyot Tribe. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from http://www.times-standard.com/article/NJ/20170718/NEWS/170719813
EPA. (2018, March). Environmental Stewardship and Cultural Preservation on California’s Coast: The Tuluwat Village Site on Indian Island in Humboldt County, CA. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from https://semspub.epa.gov/work/HQ/100001200.pdf
Green, J. (2017, December 15). Mount Umunhum: Agency grants property rights to tribe. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from https://www.mercurynews.com/2017/12/13/mount-umunhum-agency-grants-property-rights-to-indian-tribe/
Papstein, B. (Host). (2017, July 31). Talkshop 0731130 - Rob Arkley [Radio series episode]. In Talkshop. Eureka, California: KINS. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from https://www.kins1063.com/talkshop-073117-rob-arkley/
Rohde, J. (2010, February 05). Genocide and Extortion. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from https://www.northcoastjournal.com/humboldt/genocide-and-extortion/Content?oid=2130748
This episode includes music from the Project Gutenberg Library. It also includes audio recorded by dmooney, dobroide, gadzooks, gezortenplotz, uzbazur, zabuhailo, ondrosik, sailor55, daroc, benjaminharveydesign, YLEArkisto, ChromeLibrarian, and RTB45, protected by Creative Commons attribution licenses, and accessed through the Freesound Project.
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Future Ecologies is recorded on the unceded territories of the Musqueam (xwməθkwəy̓əm) Squamish (Skwxwú7mesh), and Tsleil- Waututh (Səl̓ílwətaʔ/Selilwitulh) Nations - otherwise known as Vancouver, British Columbia.